Chlamydia in Women/Men: Facts, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatments

Chlamydia is an infection caused by bacteria, which are passed on from the infected individuals to a completely healthy person during intercourse. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in the United States of America, affecting about 3 million men and women each year. This infection is prominent among belonging to the sub–25 age group. It is worth mentioning that this infection is thrice as common as gonorrhea and over 50 times as common as Syphilis.

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Symptoms associated with Chlamydia

Chlamydia is an asymptomatic STD. This means a person that is carrying this bacterium would have no clue that he / she is infected. It has been reported that about 95 percent women and 90 percent men show absolutely no symptoms of Chlamydia . Nonetheless, in some cases, it does show some symptoms, such as:

In Women:

• Painful sex.
• Urge to urinate more often.
• Vaginal swelling.
• Bleeding in the vagina after intercourse.
• A yellowish discharge from the cervix that has a pungent odor.
• Fever.
• Abdominal pain.

In Men:

• Pain while urinating.
• Discomfort or a burning sensation while urinating.
• Swollen testicles.
• Watery or pus – like discharge from the penis.
• Swelling around the anus.

Both men and women may experience diarrhea along with itching or bleeding in the anus. The symptoms may only appear in the morning and disappear over the course of the day.

Is there a way to diagnose Chlamydia?

There are various tests that can be performed to determine whether or not you have Chlamydia. While some people might show std symptoms,which establishes the fact that they're infected, in other cases a swab test is advised. A swab or another instrument may be used to collect samples from cervix, penis, anus or urethra. The doctor might also want to get your urine tested.

Is there any treatment available?

Yes, indeed. Chlamydia is one of the very few STDs that can be treated. Being a bacterial infection, it can certainly be treated with the use of antibiotics. Depending on your symptoms and penetration of the infection, your healthcare provides might suggest a different medication schedule. Drugs such as amoxicillin, azithromycin and ofloxacin, among others have been known to be highly effective in the treatment of Chlamydia.

How can you prevent getting or spreading Chlamydia?

There are many ways by which you can prevent contracting Chlamydia:

• Refrain from indulging in anal, vaginal or oral sex.

• If you're keen on having intercourse, use a female or latex condom.

• While getting Chlamydia during oral sex is a rarity, it is advised you use latex or plastic barriers.

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